Peace and adrenalin
Natural Park Stara Planina
Protection status: Natural park
Trustee-guardian: PC „Srbijasume", Forest management Pirot, Srpskihvladara 6, Pirot, tel. +38110332931; Forest ManagenementBabusnica, ZivojinaNikolicaBrke 6, Babusnica, tel. +38110685196
Established: In 1997.
Guard service: JP „Srbijasume"
Guide service: on the call
Coordinates: N 43 20 49 E 22 38 47
Stara planina is located on Serbian-Bulgarian border, on the territory of minicipalities of Zajecar, Knjazevac, Pirot and Dimitrovgrad. The mountain is 600 km long, of which the area of 100 km in lenght and between 4 and 30 km in width is placed on the territory of Serbia, while the larger part of it is on the territory of Bulgaria. Height differences range from 200 to 2.160 meters, which is at the same time the height of the highest peak of StaraPlanina – Midzor. Of the entire surface area of 1,250 km2, 1,143 km are under protection within the Natural park StaraPlanina, what makes 91,44% of a total territory. Forests cover larger part of the mountain (40%), while the rest is covered with agricultural land (grasslands, arable land, orchards and vineyards). The region deserved the status of the natural park because of its developed but preserved geological diversity and the specific diversity of its wildlife.
Niš – N 43 19 29, E 21 54 11 – birthplace of the Roman emperor Constantin the Great, the city is characteristic by its southern temper, hospitality and great kitchen. There are several cultural and historical monuments of which we should mention „Celekula", the crypt from the Ottoman period, Mediana – the sanatorium of the emperor Constantin, dating from 4th century with accompannying archeological sites. Not far from Nis there is Nis Spa, the complex of thermal sources and recreational walking paths.
Pirot – N 43 09 07, E 22 35 06 – the city is placed in the same named municipality of Pirot, close to mountains StaraPlanina, VlaskaPlanina, Belava etc. The city itself has a population of 40 000 inhabitants. The city was built on the place of a Roman fort called Turres (from 3rd century) and established Byzantine town Quimedava (4th century). The city is famous by its so-called Pirot's carpets which can be seen in the Hristics house which is today the museum of Ponisavlje, with the collection of national carpets.
I degree protection regime: 3.680 ha, or 3, 23% (localities Sinjina – Mirica, Golemareka, Babinzub, Orlovkamik – Kopren etc.)
II degree protection regime: 20.159 ha, or 17,63%
III degree protection regime: 90.493 ha, or 79,14%
International Protection Status:
IBA – Important Bird Area
IPA – Important Plant Area
PBA – Important Butterfly Area
Preliminary list for the biosphere reserve (UNESCO)
Green Belt (IUCN)
ProGeo – the locality of geological heritage
On the mountain StaraPlanina 52 plant communities is found and they cross on varios habitats, depending on natural factors. The communities of special value are peatlands, that are usually located in beech and evergreen forets and at the tops of the mountain. Flora of the mountain StaraPlanina contains 1,200 species and subspecies of higher plants of which 115 species are endemic, while 40 of them are natural rarity of Serbia. Unfortunately, 50 plant species found on the list of endangered European flora, while some of them are classified into category of critically endangered. The moss is represented in 51 species.
In the mountain StaraPlanina habitat it is noted 203 bird species, of which are nesting bird that mostly represent rare or endangered species. There are 30 species of mammals present, 18 species of reptile and 6 species of amphibians.There are also 26 species of ichtyofauna, while it is know for sure that 116 species of butterflies are present.
Geology, geomorphology and hydrology:
The relief of the mountain StaraPlanina is of tectonic orogin, shaped by the water influence and karst processes, characterized with great dissection, with cleaved and deep valleys of the rivers. Geological shape of the mountain is pretty simple. It is made of two rock types – Permian red sandstone the Triassic limestone and dolomites. Regardless of this fact, the mountain StaraPlanina is a treasury of geological heritage because of the sediments diversity od different ages.
The area of the mountain StaraPlanina is characterized with cross zone of mean-continental and submountain-mountain climate, with the western influence from Vlasinska plateau, The Carpats and the Black Sea and the Mediterranean influence from the south. The coldest month is January, while the hottest is July, which is characteristic of Serbian continental climate. Snowfalls are expected in the period from November to March.