SNR Kovilj-Petrovaradin Marshes Show on map

Diverse and rich nature

Name: Kovilj-Petrovaradin Marshes


Protection status: Special Nature Reserve
Trustee – guardian:PC „Vojvodinašume", forest household „Novi Sad"
VojvodePutnika 3, 21000 Novi Sad
tel. +381 21 557408, fax +381 21 557406,
www.vojvodinasume.rs
Established:In 1998.
Guard service:PC „Vojvodinašume", forest household „Novi Sad"
VojvodePutnika 3, 21000 Novi sad
tel. +381 21 557408, fax +381 21 557 406,
www.vojvodinasume.rs
Guide service:PC „Vojvodinašume", Contact person for the visits to the
reserve: Aleksandra Vujasinović (062 800 5257,
simvaliks@sbb.rs), ČedaMišković (Head of Kovilj forest
administration, 021 888 028)
Info centre: Tikvara
Coordinates: N 45 11 35 E 20 02 06

Basic information:
SRP „Kovilj – Petrovaradin Marshes" presents the largest preserved marshland complex, which is the whole area in the Danube flood zone, in its middle course through Serbia. Extends to the municipality of Novi Sad, SremskiKarlovci, Indjija and Titel. The reserve consists of two separate parts connected by the river Danube. Petrovaradin marsh makes smaller unit and is located on the right bank of the Danube river, while much larger part of the reserve, which is located on the left bank of the Danube, is Koviljmarsheland, which is connected to Krčedinada and the part of Gardinovci marsh (islands, backwaters, ponds, swamps), the preserved and abundant indegenous plant communities in marshes (forests, meadows, reeds, rushes) and diversityand abundance of fauna, particularly the presence of rare and endangered species.

Wider area:
Petrovaradin N 45 15 E 19 52
Petrovaradin (hun. Petervarad, ger.Peterwardein), is a town and seat of the Petrovaradin urban municipality, the city of Novi Sad in the South Backa district and a former fortified town by the Danube. Today it is a part of the urban area of Novi Sad. According to the list in 2011.there was 14810 inhabitants.
Kovilj N 45 13 24 E 20 01 11
Kovilj (hun. Kabol) is a place in Serbia in the municipality of Novi Sad in South Backa district. According to the list in 2011.there was 5.414 inhabitants. Next to Kovilj is known Kovilj monastery. The monastery was restored in the period from 1705. to 1707. According to the legend that St. Sava built the monastery in that place in 13th century. In the village there are two Serbian Ortodox churches from 1824/28 and 1846.

Zoning:
I regime 375 7706 ha (6%)
II regime 1670 5449 ha (28%)
III regime 3849 4875 ha (66%)

International Protection Status:
IBA – Important Bird Area
IPA – Important Plant Area
ICPDR – SRP „Kovilj-Petrovaradin marsh" in 2004. was included in the list of protected water-related areas significant for the Danube basin.
Ramsar locality
DANUBE NETWORK PROTECTED AREAS – In 2007. it was added to the Danube Network Protected Areas

Flora:
The preservation of ecosystem diversity of the floodplain of large lowland rivers: marsh oak forests, woods of black and white poplar, white willow forests, wet meadows, communities of blades, white and yellow water lilies, water hestnuts etc. The diversity and abundance of flora: 443 taxa, the authenticity is shown by striclyproteceted and protected species, rare and endangered, such as Cyperusglomeratu (so called SiljGronjasti), calamus, aquatic fern nepačka, clover fern, lindernia, bladderwort, water violet, white and yellow water lilies, chestnut and 37 nationally and internationally protected species.

Fauna:
Natural fish fertile. Diversity and abundance of fauna: 42 species of insects, 26 species of fish, 11 species of amphibians, 7 species of reptiles, 206 species of birds, colonial waterbirds, herons and cormorants, 26 species of mammals.

Geology, geomorphology, hydrology:
SRP is placed in the lowest geomorphological complex – alluvial plain of the Danube river. Danube in this area forms differents shapes of microrelief, that is two groups of geomorphological forms – erosive and accumulative. Present erosive forms are meanders, sleeves, accumulative shallows, river islands and coastal beams.

Climate:
The mean annual temperature is 12,4°C. The mean annual humidity is 70%.

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