≈A mountain for all seasons≈
Protection status: National Park
Administrator: PE NP Kopaonik, settlement Suvo Rudište; and Miluna Ivanovića 10, Raška, Kopaonik, email@example.com, +381 (36) 5471 011, 5471 229, http://www.npkopaonik.com
Rangers/Guides: PE NP Kopaonik, settlement Suvo Rudište; and Miluna Ivanovića 10, Raška, Kopaonik, firstname.lastname@example.org, +381 (36) 5471 011, 5471 229, http://www.npkopaonik.com
Tourist organization of the municipality of Brus: Kralja Petra bb, 37220 Brus, +381 825185, email@example.com, www.turizamopstinebrus.co.rs
Tourist organization of the municipality of Raška: Nemanjina, 36350 Raška, +381 36 738670, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.raska-turizam.rs
Administrative building - Miluna Ivanovića 10, Raška
Offices at Kopaonik - settlement Suvo Rudište
Coordinates: N 43°18'20'' and E 20°48'09''
Kopaonik is the biggest mountains range in Serbia which stretches from northwest to southwest. It spreads between the rivers Ibra and Sitnice on the west Laba on the southeast. The eastern border of Kopaonik is placed between the Dinarides and Rhodopes, but earlier it was grouped in Rhodope Mountains. The protected area includes the best preserved areas in the municipalities Brus and Raška. This territory is rich from the geomorphology point of view, but it is also characterized by a high degree of biodiversity and many endemic species. The very park consists of the following nature reserves: Kozje stene, Vučak, Mrkonja, Jankova bara, Gobelja, Barska river, Samokovska river, Metođe, Jelak, Suvo Rudište, Duboka, Bele stene i Jelovarnik.
Lukovska spa - N 43°10'11", E 21°02'20" - Lukovska spa is situated in the south of Serbia, on the eastern slopes of Kopaonik. It is located at 681m above sea level, making it the highest spa in Serbia. Lukovska spa is characterized by an abundant source of mineral waters and crystal clear air. According to the number of sources with mineral water of different composition and temperature, and their yields (over 100 l/s), it is considered to be the richest in the country. Lukovska spa can be reached by car via Kuršumlija (36km) on the road Kruševac - Blace - Kuršumlija or the highway Niš - Prokuplje – Kuršumlija, or via Brzeće (Kopaonik), which is 42km away, on the road Brzeće - Blaževo - Merćez - Lukovska spa.
Jošanička spa – N 43°23'21", E 20°45'08" - is located on the slopes of Kopaonik, at an altitude of 550m, in the valley of the river Jošanica and its flow Samokovka. It has the characteristics of a climatic health resort, because, among other things, of its larch forests which represent a special natural value of health and recreational needs. This complex covers an area of 1, 2 acres, with arranged trails for recreation.
International protection status:
The high mountain flora of Kopaonik, based on previous research, contains 825 species and subspecies, which is one fifth of the total flora of Serbia. On the area of the NP, 91 endemic and 82 sub-endemic species grow, of which 30 are protected by law. Due to the mild mountain climate the vegetation period is quite long and it is characterized by vertical zonality.
Ornithofauna includes 173 species, the fauna of mammals contains 40 species, there are 14 species of batrachi and herpetofauna (6 species of amphibians and 8 species of reptiles). What is especially interesting is the great amount of butterfly species, which counts 138 species of diurnal butterflies. Kopanik is among the richest mountains on the Balkan Peninsula that contains this group of insects. The Balkan Peninsula has 290 species of diurnal butterflies, which means that the 138 species on Kopaonik make 47, 5% of the total fauna on the Balkan Peninsula. It is known that there are 194 species in the fauna of Serbia which makes Kopaonik species account for 71% of that number.
Geology and geomorphology:
Kopaonik is characterized by the various geological structures of its rocks from different origin and age (serpentinites, granites, slates, marbles, andesite, limestone). Today's forms of the Kopaonik relief were created, over many years, through the processes of erosion. Kopaonik was named after its mineral recourses, where people used to work mines from old times. The volcano activity and the discharge of hot minerals caused changes on the rocks because of high temperatures and heavy pressures. That is how 'the mining region of Kopaonik' was developed, with a large number of mines where metal iron, lead and zinc can be found, as well as rare metals silver and gold and rare minerals: volastonite, fluor-spar and asbestos.
The climate of Kopaonik is marked by over 200 sunny days annually, which is the reason why it is also called 'The Mountain of the Sun'. Kopaonik is located at the transition of costal to the continental climate. The southern position of the massif, the flatness and openness of the terrain prevents the long-term detaining of cloudiness over the mountain. The cold and heavy air remains in the surrounding valleys so the winter temperatures are not too low. The average annual temperature of the Flat Kopaonik is 3,7 °C. The snow, with some deviations, starts falling in late November and snows until May, an average of 180-230 days a year. The average precipitation is higher than 1000 mm a year.
Traffic and communications:
Np Kopaonik can be reached from several directions – from Belgrade via highway Belgrade –Niš over Brus or Jošanička Banja (about 274 km). There is another way to reach Kopaonik from Belgrade via Ibar highway through Jošanička Banja or through Raška and Rudnica.