Different sides of the Danube
Name: Upper Danube
Protection status:Special Nature Reserve
Trustee – guardian:PC „Vojvodinasume",2Preradoviceva st., 21 131 Petrovaradin,
Forest household „Sombor",11Apatinski put, 25000 Sombor
Established: 20th of July, 2001.
Contact person for the visit to the Reserve: RadmilaŠakic (062
800 5350, firstname.lastname@example.org)
Info center: Informational-educational center (under construction and until the
end of May 2011. will be in use) in Karapandza area.
Coordinates: N 45º31ʹ30ʺ E 19º07ʹ35ʺ
The Special Nature Reserve „Upper Danube" is one of the finest pearls in Vojvodina and Serbia along the course of teh Danube. The reserve comprises the remains of former vast inundated Danube areas. The reserve represents a complex mosaic of water and land ecosystems. The greater part of the reserve is covered by marshy, inundated forest complexes. This type of preserved indigenous biotopes is very rare, both in our country and in Europe.The Special Nature Reserve "GornjePodunavlje" is a protected goods of the 1st category, spreading along the left bank of the Danube river, from the 1367th km all the way to 1433rd km of the course. It represents a part of the large marsh complex, which extends through the neighbouring countries, Hungary and Croatia. Besides its biodiversity, Gornje Podunavlje is famous for its authentic cultural heritage. As a result of their adjustment to the big river and its temper, the people of this area have established the characteristic habits, traditional clothes, language, fishing tools, boats and food, thus attracting the guests and making Gornje Podunavlje a very charming tourist destination.
Apatin 45 40 18 59
Apatin is located in south-western Backa, on the left bank of the Danube, which is the border with Croatia. The territory of the municipality includes the area of 333 km² and it is placed between the municipalities of Sombor and Odzaci. Apatin is popular tourist destination with interesting and globally rich tourist potential due to the proximity of forests and the Danube.
Sombor 45 46 27 19 06 44
The city of Sombor is located in south-western part of Vojvodina and Serbia. Sombor and its area are at the bottom of the basin of the former Pannonian Sea. It is 175 km far from Belgrade, and 220 km from Budapest.
Junakovic Spa is located in the far northwest of Vojvodina, 4,5 km far from Apatin and the Danube, surrounded with beautiful oak forest offers true paradise for real relaxation and enjoyment of nature. Although the thermal spring were discovered in the 1913th , the spa started working in 1983rd and in that short period of time fought for the equal place among numerous spas in Serbia, that had much longer life.
Thermal-mineral springs originate from the depth of 700m and its temperature goes up to 50ᵒC so the water of the Junakovic Spa needs to be cooled off.
I regime 262 ha (1.3%)
II regime 4.844 ha (24.7%)
III regime 14.543 ha (74%)
International Protection Status:
IBA – Iportant Bird Area
IPA – Importan Plant Area
Potentials of Biosphere Reserve Drava-Mura
Herbal life flowers under the influence of groundwater and flood waters.Vegetation consists of 57 communities of herbaceous plants, forest and shrubby vegetation, and over 1000 plant species, including some of the most endangered species in Serbia. Upper Danube has well-developed wetlands and wetland meadows, alluvial forests, but also forests of oak luznjak, ahs and poplar on dry land. There are present ecologically valuable indigenuos forest communities, often called marshy forests.
Part of this wealth is reflected in the presence of 55 fish species, 11 species of amphibians, 9 species of reptiles, 230 species of birds and 51 mammal species, as well as a large number of invertebrates of which the butterfly fauna stands out with 60 species of butterflies.
Geology, geomorphology and hydrology:
Special Nature reserve „Upper Danube" is places at the loess terrace and alluvial plain of the Danube. Loess terrace spreads out in the form of fragments between Bezdan and BackiMonostor and is divided into two parts with the Plazovicriver. Alluvial plain of the Danube is lower 3 to 4 meters than the river terrace and spreads in the legth of 64 km. It is divided into two levels and represents spacious marsh complex with meanders, backwaters, old river courses and river islands. Hydrographic object of particular importance in this area are Monostor Dunavac, Stari Dunavac, Petres Dunavac, Srebrnicka Dunavac, Staklar Dunavac, backwater Baracka, Bajska channel, Bezdan channel – Prigrevica, Big Backa channel etc. Apatin and Monostor marhes stand out with beauty.
At the Upper Danube territory the climate is temperate continental, that is Pannonian climate of semi arid type. The Danube has the influence on climate, so this area belongs to the Danube climate type characteristic with fresh July temperatures, mild mean-January temperatures and lower temperature oscilations during the year. On microclimate of the area the important influence has forest vegetation which covers around 45% of the observed surface.