Kingdom of raspberries
Special Biosphere Reserve Golija
Protection status: Nature Park
Control-guardian: PC Srbijasume, +381 36 736767, www.srbijasume.rs / golija.html
Woodlands Golija, +381 32 662253
Established: Aug in 2001. Year
The security guards JP Serbian forests, Forest holdings Ivanjica, Raska, Golija
Guide service: after log
Info Center: Office JP "Srbijasume": 139 Marinkovic, Ivanjica, Phone: +381 32 663 321 +381 32 662 253
Coordinates: N 43 23 31 E 20 21 27
Golija is the most densely forested mountain Serbia, located in south-western Serbia, at the territory of the municipalities Ivanjica, Kraljevo, Raska, Novi Pazar and Sjenica. The mountain is provided in the form of the letter S, a distance of 32 kilometers, with the highest peak Janko's rock (1833m). It is recognizable by the dense deciduous and evergreen forests, numerous streams, springs and peat bogs. Diverse plant and animal life consists of, for science and conservation of biodiversity, important species, some of which are relict and endemic. Combination of natural beauty, rich flora and fauna, but also important cultural and historical monuments and buildings were sufficient to stakeholders and interested parties declared the Natural Park Golija a Biosphere Reserve.
Ivanjica N 43.574723, E 20.225277 - Ivanjica is a place in south-western Serbia, near the mountain Golija. For Ivanjica is reliably known to have been continuously inhabited since Roman times, about what can testify archaeological finds. The importance of this town in the past witnessed by one of the oldest hydro power plants in Serbia, built back in 1911. Ivanjica stands for a kind of sanatorium because for years proclaimed a health resort.
SNR Uvac - Special reserve Uvac is located in south-western Serbia. It includes a protected area in the municipality of Nova Varos and Sjenica, the central and dominant lakes Uvac, Zlatar and Radoinje and meanders of the river Uvac. The reserve is best known for the most stable and largest colony of griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus) in Europe.
• I level of protection and degree: 553.80 ha, or 0.74% (localities Janko's stone, Pasha's Fountain, Dajićko lake, Izubra, Kosanin Lake, Odvraćenica etc..)
• protection regime II level: 3883.10 ha, or 5.16%
• protection regime III level: 70746.10 ha, 94.10%
International protection status:
• Biosphere Reserve (UNESCO)
• IBA - Important Bird Area
• IPA – Important Plant Area
• PBA – Important Butterfly Area
At Golija are present deciduous-coniferous forests, most notably beech forests of primeval character, and forests dominated by glacial relic mountain maple (Acer heldreichii). Flora of Golija is represented by about 900 species, of which 117 species and varieties of algae, 40 species of mosses and 7 of lichens.
The habitats at Golija recorded 95 species of birds, which is the reason why it is declared the area of importance for birds. Mammals are represented by 22 species, among which stands out the wolf, brown bear, little weasel and water shrews. Reptiles and amphibians are represented by 19 species.
Geology, geomorphology, hydrology
This area belongs, in the tectonic sense, o the part of the Internal Dinarides, that is Drina-Ivanjica element. The geology is formed by the influence of intense magmatic activity and a large part of the formation was created in the period from the early Paleozoic to the present. Lithological composition of Golija are quaternary sediments, Paleozoic clastics and metamorphic rocks, intersected by deep and wired rocks, starting from granitoid, andesite, dacite, diabase, gabbros and others. Hydrographic network of the area belongs to the Black Sea basin and is determined to basins of the rivers Studenica, Moravica, Golijska river, Jabukovačko stream (left tributary of the Ibar river).
The territory of Golija includes three climatic regions: the mountainous valley (moderate continental climate), transitional-continental, mountainous areas with higher subalpine climate. Summers are fresh and winters are cold with snow cover, which is retaining. The influence of the Mediterranean climate is felt in the valleys of the Ibar, Studenica and Moravice.