NP Fruška Gora Show on map

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BASIC INFORMATION

Conservation/protection status: National Park

Administrator/moderator: PE NP Fruška Gora, Zmajev trg 1, 21208 Sremska Kamenica, Tel. +381 21 463 666, +381 21 463 667, +381 21 463 824, +381 21 462 662, natlpfg@eunet.rs

Rangers: The Rangers service of the PE "National Park Fruška Gora" has the task of maintaining the area, as well as to follow and direct the movement of visitors within its activities. The ranger uniform is green in color with a mark of the protected area.

Guides: by appointment

Info centre:

Building of info cente is situated at peak Iriški venac, near the monument. Within the info centre function guide services for tourists, that except for leading touristic groups, is enabled to give lectures about national park and ecology. Inside the info centre there is permanent exibition of the collection of natural items.

Founded: In 1960 it was declared a national park, the first national park in Serbia.

Coordinates: N 45º09'18" and E 19º 42'16"

Fruška Gora is a mountain in Vojvodina, which was once an island in the Pannonian Sea many years ago. It occupies an area of approximately 255 km². Fruška gora is an old island massif mountin. The highest peak is Crveni Čot (539 m), among other significant peaks Stražilovo (321 m), Iriški Venac (451 m) and Veliki Gradac (471 m). The central part of the mountain has an approximate height of 400m above sea level, while other parts have a form of a plateau. Beech and oak forests dominate this mountain and here they are considered indigenous. There are fewer parts with larch forests that are mostly planted. Thanks to many well-preserved fossils it presents a mirror of the geological past of the Pannonian-Carpathian Basin. The living world is made up of many Mediterranean and sub-Mediterranean species. Besides this, Fruška Gora is characterized by many cultural and historical monuments.

Wider area:

Novi Sad - N 45°15‘18“, E 19°50'41" - is a city in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. The city is located on the border of Bačka and Srem area, on the bank of Dunav and Mali bački canal, on the Pannonian plains and the northern slopes of  Fruška Gora. Novi Sad is, after Belgrade, the second largest city in Serbia in terms of population. Founded in the year 1694, Novi Sad has been the centre of Serbian culture for a long time, which is why it gained the name "Serbian Athens". Today, Novi Sad is also known by the Exit music festival which takes place every year in the summer and gathers tourists from all over the world.

 

Zoning:

  • I zone of protection: 3,7 % of the total area, 30 sites 
  • II zone of protection: 67% of the total area, most forest habitats
  • III zone of protection: 29,3 % of the total area, includes tourist complexes, infrastructure, degraded land, mines and other.

International protection status:

  • IBA – Important bird areas
  • IPA – Important plant areas
  • PBA- Prime butterflies area

Flora:  

On the nearby zone of NP Fruška Gora there are about 1000 species of plants, of which ferns are represented by 32 species and gymnosperms by only one species. Angiosperms make up 90% of the flora on Fruška Gora. This mountain as a whole is a forest area, but due to the impact of human activities 23 000ha of forest remain today. Now, most of the space is occupied by meadows, pastures, fields, vineyards and orchards. The remaining forest communities are monodominant forests of oak, lime, beech, hornbeam, linden and mixed forests of lime and beech. The areas covered with steppes are minimal and preserved in fragments on the edge of the mountain. The swamp and marsh vegetation is related to lower altitudes, along Danube and larger creeks. Submerged and emergent vegetation of freshwater was found in Petrovaradin marsh.

Fauna:  

Ichthyofauna is represented by a dozen foreign species in artificial accumulations. We have recorded 23 species of amphibians and reptiles. Mammals are represented by 60 species, most of which are bats. Ornithofauna is most common with about 200 species. Invertebrate fauna is poorly studied.

Geology, geomorphology, hydrology:

On the east and north, this mountain range is limited by alluvial plains of the rivers Sava and Danube, while the south and west is framed by loess plains. As far as the geological composition is concerned, Fruška gora is very diverse.  For a long time Fruška gora was an island on the Panonnian Sea which can be testified through the fossil of mussels, snails, sea urchins, corals, as well as plants, such as palm trees and others that are characteristics of an island.

Climate:

Fruška Gora is located on the border of temperate climate. With its characteristics Fruška Gora affects the creation of a microclimate. The average annual temperature is 11,2 ºC with an intermediate level of relative humidity that is 76%. According to the rainfall, the wettest months are May and June while the driest are September and October.

Traffic and communication:

Fruška Gora is intersected by numerous roads. The mountain itself is located 60km away from Belgrade and approximately 10km away from Novi Sad. From Belgrade the road Belgrade - Novi Sad takes you to Banstol, which is 62km away from Belgrade, and from there the road separates to the west and takes you to Iriškog venca. You also reach it from Sremska Mitrovica, on the Belgrade –Zagreb highway that takes you to a crossroad at 52km from Belgrade. At the crossroads turn right, passing by Ruma and Iriga and after 6km you will reach Iriški venac.

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