NP Đerdap Show on map

≈Wonders of the blue Danube

BASIC INFORMATION

Protection Status: National Park

Administrator: PE NP Đerdap, Kralja Petra I 14a, Donji Milanovac, Phone +38130 590 788, www.npdjerdap.org, e-mail: office@npdjerdap.org

Guard Service: PE NP Đerdap, Kralja Petra I 14a, Donji Milanovac, Phone +38130 590 788, www.npdjerdap.org, e-mail: office@npdjerdap.org

Guides: PE NP Đerdap, Kralja Petra I 14a, Donji Milanovac, Phone +38130 590 788, www.npdjerdap.org, e-mail: office@npdjerdap.org

TOO Kladovo, Dunavska 16a, Kladovo; Phone +381 19 801690, tookladovo@gmail.com, www.tookladovo.rs

TOO Majdanpek, Kralja Petra I bb, Donji Milanovac; Phone +381 30 596184, office@toom.rs, www.toom.rs

TOO Golubac, Gorana Tošića Mačka 1, Golubac; Phone +381 12 638614, togolubac01@gmail.com, www.golubac.rs

Info points:

Donji Milanovac - administrative building of PE NP Đerdap, with permanent interactive exibition in the foyer of the building, which encompasses presentation of flora and fauna of the area and cultural and historical heritage. PE NP Đerdap, Kralja Petra I 14a, Donji Milanovac, Phone +38130 590 788, www.npdjerdap.org, e-mail: office@npdjerdap.org

Ploče - Visitor′s centre - informative space of the National park is situated at Ploče and encompasses exibition of natural and historical artifacts of NP Đerdap.

Founded: 1974.

Coordinates: N 44°26' 41'' and  E 22°09'07''

National Park Đerdap-Iron gate is the biggest national park in Serbia, and  is located  in the north-east part of Serbia, covering approximately 63 800 ha. What makes this park special is the Danube River, which flows through its entire territory, and forms the longest gorge in Europe. Đerdap-Iron gate consists of three gorges, two canyons, and three basins. Mountain peaks rise to 200-800 feet above the level of the river Danube. At its narrowest place of the Danube, it is 150 meters wide and reaches the depth of 90 meters. Besides the various types of terrain and objects, this area is also special for its large forest area. This is the one of the most important refuges of the ancient flora and fauna. The blend of cultural and historical values, from the closer and more distant past and preserved nature, makes this park unique and famous in the world. The area extends to the municipalities: Golubac, Majdanpek and Kladovo.

Wider area:

Viminacijum - N 44°44'13", E 21°13'32" - the archaeological site near Old Kostolac, 12 kilometers from Pozarevac. Roman military camp and the town was built in the first century and lasted until the beginning of the seventh century. It was one of the most important legion camps on the Danube, and for some time the capital of the Roman province of Upper Moesia (Moesia Superior), which covered the largest part of Serbia, north Macedonia and northeastern part of Bulgaria. Great archaeological excavations were carried out before the construction of power plants and surface mining of Drmno in 1977. and are continued until today.

 

Srebrno jezero - Silver Lake - N 44°45'19", E 21°25'37" - Silver Lake is a lake on the right bank of the Danube and is its former river channel that is now closed with two dams. The lake is a popular destination for vacation and fishing for decades, but recently it attracts tourists from all over central Serbia. As a result of the growing popularity of the lake, it has been advertised recently as the "Serbian sea", because Serbia does not have an outlet to the sea.

 

 

Zones:

  • Protection zone I – an area of 5 .632,99 hectares

  • Protection zone II – an area of 13.414,99 hectares

  • Protection zone III – an area of 44.760 hectares

International Protection Status:

  • IBA – Important Bird Area
  • IPA – Important Plant Area
  • PBA- Important butterfly Area
  • Transboundary Protected Area 
  • European Green Belt

Flora

The area of this national park is inhabited by over 1,100 plant species, of which 43 species are strictly protected, while 124 are protected. Rich flora has led to rich vegetation, especially forest. As part of a large complex of forests, there has been over 50 mixed forest and shrub communities described, of which 35 communities have relict character.

Fauna

Butterfly fauna consists of 286 species, which made Đerdap a PBA- an area important for butterflies. Ichthyofauna is composed of about 65 species, most of which live in the Đerdap Lake. There are 12 species of reptiles, while amphibians are insufficiently explored. The national park is a habitat to over 187 species of birds. Mammal fauna is also varied and numerous, and represented by 30 species, of which 14 species of bats, for which this area is very suitable.

Geology, geomorphology and hydrology

Gorge of the Danube in the part of Đerdap-Iron gate is formed by the successive cut of the Danube in the Carpathian mountain range, creating a steep or vertical banks that rise above the river. Tectonic movements in this area left a big trace, which is reflected in the present form. There is also a number of ammonite fauna. Present geomorphological forms are mostly of fluvial, denudation and karst origin. With the build of dams, Đerdap relief is significantly changed, and today it is the largest and deepest gorge in Europe.

Climate

The climate in this area is modified, moderate continental climate and continental climate of Wallachia and Bulgaria lowlands. The formation of micro-climate in some parts of the Đerdap has been influenced by a large body of water and the area of the Danube, as well as a specific geomorphological structures and vegetation cover. The average amount of rainfall in a year level is 784mm, with the highest concentration of rainfall during the period from April to June. The average annual temperature is 11.3 º C.

Traffic connection

Đerdap is located in the northeast part of Serbia, on the border with Romania. The park can be reached from two directions: through the Đerdap  highway M25 and regional road R106 Porečki bridge-Klokočevac. In addition, park can be reached by waterway, organized by tourist boats.

×