≈Dare to discover Devil’s Town!≈
Protection status: Natural monument
Administrator-moderator: "Planinka" a.d., Kosovska 38, 18430 Kuršumlija, Srbija, Tel: +381 27 381344,+381 27 381512
Founded: in the year 1959, but in 1995 the Decree of the Republic of Serbia declared it the natural resource of great importance and placed it in the first category of protection. A monument of nature. .
Rangers:Contact: Radoje Stepanović, the administrator of Đavolja Varoš, Tel. +381 63 453196
Guides: Tel. +381 27 381344
Coordinates: N 43°00' 50 '' and E 21°27'36''
This natural monument is located on the mountain Radan that is currently under protection procedure. The natural monument is the most important geomorphologic monument in Serbia. It consists of two very rare phenomena: very attractive clay figures and two springs of extremly acidic and mineralized water. The biodiversity of the area as well as the plant and animal communities are very rich. A total of 67 ha of the area is under protection. Currently, the RS government has a request for protecting 1014 ha of the area. This area prevails of oak and oak farneto forests, sessile oak and hornbeam forests, and hill and mountain forests of beech, fir and spruce above 1,500m. Large meadow complexes are rich in a variety of medicinal herbs (chamomile, thyme, gentian, juniper, plantain, thyme, yarrow, marsh mallow). When you come to Đavolja Varoš the tour starts from the main entrance, which is located right next to the parking lot. The entrance to this natural monument begins with a gate which is, like everything else in this complex, made of natural materials in ethnic style. At the entrance there is a ticket office and a souvenir shop which are also the information centre. Detailed information about the complex can be obtained at the entrance and are also located on the information board where the circular walking trails are graphically shown, as well as the attractions that are located along them. The walking trail is fully marked, secured and adapted to all types of tourists and is equipped with inventory such as rest areas (benches, tables, trash cans), bridges, fountains that where built of stone and wood so they completely blend in with the environment. Other facilities at the entrance are toilets, a gallery of artworks created during the colonies, bar-restaurant with a fireplace that is accessible to all tourists and apartments for guest accommodation.
The Natural Monument is located in the dence deciduous forest, accompanied by the flow of the Yellow River (Žuta River) where the walking trails, leading to the ultimate destionation – the stone figures, intersects with it several times. In the spring, the lowest floor of vegetation is at full bloom and contributes to the beauty of the monument. The ambiance of Đavolja Varoš is complemented by many works of art, created during the art colonies that are held here and whose motifs are of devils and wedding groups. The first attractions that the trail passes by are the remains of old Saxon mines dating from the 13th century and can be seen on the left and right. The Saxons were known as skilled miners and were hired by Serbian rulers in most of the old mines in Serbia. The trail passes along to the first spring of mineral water – the Red spring and leads further to the first viewpoint rom which you can see the stone figures. On the right from the first viewpoint there is another higher viewpoint. These two viewpoints are the closest that we can approach the figures, resulting from the influence of water and wind erosion. From there, the trail goes back to the starting point. It also passes the church of St. Petka which is filled with icons that the painter Bratislav Anđelković – Bata iz Vučja painted on local stone boards. The icons depict secular views, but also St. Petka, devils and farmers, that emerged from the legend about the origin of this church. The trail leads back to the place of departure where there is a mini market on which you can by souvenirs, local handcrafts and traditional food.
Radan mountain – N 43°00'12", E 21°29'48" - Within the Radan mountain is Đavolja Varoš. The area is characterized with a significant biodiversity and a variety of cultural and historical monuments, such as the archeological site from the 4th century which is of great importance since it was the Empress City of Justinian Prima.
Prolom Spa - N 43°02'10", E 21°24'03" - Prolom spa is located in the south of Serbia, on the wooded slopes of the mountain Radan. It is primarily known for its natural Prolom water, which belongs to a rare group of waters that have a high balneology value. The spa is not only famous as a source of health but also as a place for rehabilitation, recreation and relaxation. Prolom water is used in the treatment of kidney and urinary tract, digestive tract, skin diseases, rheumatism and blood vessels. From Belgrade and Novi Sad you can reach the Prolom spa by car – take the highway up to Niš and then the main road through Prokuplje towards Kuršumlijia (do not veer towards the city). Continue to the place Rudare and then turn left towards Prolom Banja (10km from the turnoff). Another option is to take the high way up to the exit Pojate, through Ćićevac, Kruševac, Blaca to the entrance in Kuršumlija. Continue up to Rudare and then turn left towards Prolom Banja. (10km from the turnoff). If coming from Niš it is possible by car via high way Prokuplje to Kuršumlija (do not veer towards the city). Continue up to Rudare and then turn left towards Prolom Banja (10km from the turnoff). If coming from Kruševac by car the road is through Blaca up to the entrance of Kuršumlija. Continue up to Rudare and then turn left towards Prolom Banja (10km from the turnoff).
Lukovo Spa – N 43°09'57.24", E 21°02'06" - Lukovo Spais located in the south of Serbia, on the eastern slopes of Kopaonik. It is located at 681m above sea level making it the highest spa in Serbia. Lukovo spa is characterized by abundant sources of mineral waters and crystal clear air. According to its sources of mineral water of different structure and temperature, and their yields (over 100 l / s) it is one of the richest in the country. Lukovo spa can be reached by car through Kuršumlija (36km) via Kruševac - Blace - Kuršumlija or through the main road via Niš - Prokuplje – Kuršumlija, or over Brzeća (Kopaonik)which is 42km away via Brzeće - Blaževo - Merćez – Lukovo spa.
Kuršumlija – N 43°08'27", E 21°16'04" - a town in the municipality of Kuršumlija, located in the south of Serbia, near the administrative border with Kosovo. It is located in the central and upper reaches of the river Toplice, Kosanice and Banjske, making it one of the few cities that lie on three rivers. In the Roman Epoch it was called Ad Fines, meaning "at the end" because it was located on the boarder between the two provinces. During the Byzantine period it was called Toplica and was the seat of episcopacy.
The flora around Đavolja Varoš is defined by microclimatic conditions which prevail over the area. This area belongs to the territory of the Radan Mountain which has already been included in the documentation of the programme Natura 2000. this area is also a significant area for butterflies – PBA. In addition to this, the professional documentary is in progress for declaring the Radan mountain as an area of exceptional characteristics. It is located in the south of Serbia. On the east and south the mountain opens to Pustorečku valley, which is exposed to the sun and therefore has a warmer climate. This has caused the appearance of an oak vegetation zone which rose from 700m to 800-900m above sea level. Thanks to this kind of climate the mountain Radan has been able to inhabit several endemic and relict plant species.
On the area of mountain Radan there is a total of 95 species of protected and strictly protected animals, mostly birds (50 species), and mammals (around 20 species, including bats), 2 species of fish, 8 species of reptiles and amphibians.
Geology and Geomorphology
The geological structure of Đavolja Varoš and the surrounding mountains of Radan are made of silicate rocks from the Paleozoic with crystalline schists. This area is interesting because the procession of soil erosion actively changes its appearance.
The climate in this region is continental. Compared to the lowland climate, the summer is slightly shorter but somewhat wetter, without great summer swelter and "tropical nights". The winter is longer, colder and with more snow. Due to the proximity of mountains and height the air flow is enhanced, which especially refreshes during the summer. The average annual temperature is 10, 3 °C. The average annual rainfall is 645 mm, the number of hours with sunshine is 1902 and the average humidity is 77%.
Traffic and communications
The road Niš – Priština takes us to Đavolja Varoš, 8km after the turn for Prolom Banja you separate and after 6km you turn left in the village Zebice and after 3km you will reach your destination. Đavolja Varoš is 288km away from Belgrade, 89km from Niš, 74km from Kruševac and 27 km from Kuršumlija.