SNR Deliblato sands Show on map

Crystal sand

Name: Deliblato sands


Protection status:Special Nature Reserve
Trustee-guardian:Public company "Vojvodinasume", Forest household "Banat" Pancevo, 24
MaksimaGorkogst, 26000 Pancevo ,Tel.: 013/342-899 (center), Fax:
013/353-585, www.vojvodinasume.rs
Established:in 2002nd
Guard service:Public company "Vojvodinašume", Forest household "Banat" Pančevo
MaksimaGorkog 24, 26000 Pančevo
Tel.: 013/342-899 (center), Fax: 013/353-585, www.vojvodinasume.rs
Guide service: Public company "Vojvodinašume", Forest household "Banat" Pančevo
MaksimaGorkog 24, 26000 Pančevo
Tel.: 013/342-899 (center), Fax: 013/353-585, www.vojvodinasume.rs
Info center:Currently do not exist. All the necessary information can be obtained at the
forest household „Novi Sad".
Coordinates:N 45 55 03 E 21 06 55

Basic information:
Deliblato sands, with powerful layers of sands and expressed dune relief, and also present sand, steppe and forest ecosystems, with a characteristic mosaic of communities and typical representatives of flora and fauna, is a natural phenomenon unique in Europe. Specific flora and vegetation is abundant with rarities, relics, endemics and subendemics, and among natural rarities there are numerous animal species that Deliblato sands make the only, or one of the few habitats in our country. This area, as well as the largest oasis of sand, steppe and forest vegetation which once dominated the Balkan Peninsula, is one of Europe's most important centers of biodiversity and the most important steppe region in Yugoslavia. As such, Deliblato sands is a unique field of science.
At the same time, this area was for centuries under the influence of man, and especially for the last almost two hundred years of intensive forestry, which have greatly changed the landscape of theDeliblato sands.Deliblato sands, as such, is a unique and unrepeatable mirror of history, nature and man's place in it.

Wider area:
Pancevo 44 87 26 20 66 38
Pancevo is a place in the Banat, on the river Tamis. Territorially speaking, Pancevo is the seat of the Municipality and the South Banat District (Vojvodina, Serbia). The oldest name of the village that was located on the site of today's Pancevo, at the confluence of the Tamisriver into the Danube, is Panuka. Due to the frequent change of masters (Romans, Celts, Huns, Avars, Slavs, Hungarians, Tatars, Turks, Germans) often changes the name of this strategically important place too. Panuka becomes Panucea or Panuco in the 10th century, Bansif in the 12th century, in the 15th century Pančaland Pensej, in the 17th century Peitz or Panyiova or Bancio and even Comvain the early 18th century. It was first mentioned in history as a city, a trading town, in 1153. when it was inhabited by the Greeks among all others, of course, because of the trade. In the 15th century it was occupied by the Turks and keep it under their authority until 1716. Under the Austro-Hungarian Empire is was named Comva then Pancova, and since 1918. Pancevo.
Kovin 
Kovin is the municipality in Serbia. It is situated in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina and is in the South Banat District. According to data from the 2004th the municipality covers an area of 730 km ² (of which 47,753 ha are agricultural areasand 10,266 ha of the forest). The center of the municipality is the city Kovin. Kovin consists of 10 villages. In the west is a borderwith the municipality of Pancevo, in the north with the municipalities of Alibunar and Vršac, eastern with the municipality of BelaCrkva and southern with the Danube and Smedrevo. Kovin municipality has the shape of an irregular pyramid. It spreads mainly in loess terrace and alluvial plain of the Danube. Through thesouthern part of the municipality of flows the Danube river. The biggest part of the territory of the nature reserve Deliblatosands is in the municipality of Kovin.

Zoning:
I regime 2.353,80,00ha (6,76%)
II regime 8.218,59 ha (23,60 %)
III regime 24.256,93 ha (69,65 %)

International Protection Status:
IBA – Important Bird Area since 1989.
IPA – Importan Plant Area since 2005.
ICPDR – since 2004.
Ramsar locality since 2006.

Flora:
Representation of sandy, steppe and forest ecosystem types, with a characteristic mosaic of communities resulted in the presence of diverse and rich flora. It was noted about 900 species of higher plants, many of which are rarities, relics, as well as species that are limited to the distribution inPannonian Plain (Pannonian endemic), or in its environment (Pannoniansubendemics). All these types are of particular scientific importance.
Among species, many of which are protected by law, stands out the ones that the Deliblato sands is the only, or one of only a few sites in Vojvodina and Serbia. Such as: peony (Paeoniaofficinalis subsp. Banatica), the fern leaf peony (Paeoniatenuifolia), wormwood (Artemisia pancicii) Rindera (Rinderaumbellata), snake's head fritillary (Fritillariadegeniana) and violets Viola altayanaand Viola nemenyana. These violets are hybrids which are important as local endemics.

Fauna:
Some of the fauna rarity in this reserve includes the steppe habitat species: desert ant, ant-lion, Banat falcon, imperial eagle, steppe gerbil, ground squirrel, mole rat, steppe skunk and others. For some of them, Deliblato Sands is the only or one of few remaining habitats in Serbia. The peculiarity of the reserve is the permanent presence of wolf population.

Geology, geomorphology, hydrology:
The area of Deliblato sands represent a distinct picture of the geological processes that have occurred during the Pleistocene. Deposits of sand, partly caused by the sedimentation of the Danube at the entrance to the Iron Gate, and partly taken by the Carpathian riversKaras, Nera and Moravica, are shattered, under the influence of winds and generate specific dune relief.Deliblatosands is an extremely arid area. There are no water springs and surface waters there.

Climate:
Mid-steppe climate with an average amount of rainfall of 633 meters, the mean annual temperature of 9.5-11ᵒ C, and unusually large swings in temperature both during the year and a day, set aside the space of Deliblato sands of the immediate environment. For the area of the Sands the typical characteristic of microclimate are frosts in interdune valleys, where the annual amplitude of the extreme temperature of the surface soil is up to 730ᵒC.

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