The smell of acacia
Protection status: Special Nature Reserve
Trustee-guardian:Public Company „Vojvodinasume", Preradoviceva 2, 21
131 Petrovaradin, phone:+381 21 431144
Forest household „Novi Sad", VojvodePutnika 3, 21 000
Novi Sad, +381 21 557412, +381 21 557706
Etablished:February 1st, 2007
Guard service: Aleksandra Vujasinovic, +381 62 8005257,
SoroMilorad – Head of BackaPalanka forest
+381 21 754124
Guide srevice: Aleksandra Vujasinovic, +381 62 8005257,
Soro Milorad – Head of Backa Palanka forest
administration, +381 21 754124
Special Nature Reserve Bagremara is places in Vojvodina, in western Backa, northern from Backa Palanka. Bagremara forest is the only habitat of the plant species – local name: the winter aonite (Eranthis Hiemalis) in Serbia. This perennial early spring geophyte from the family of buttercup (Ranunculaceae) represents the natural rarity, belonging to the category of extremely endangered plant species in Serbia.
Although this forest represents planted acacia, it preserved the specific value of indigenous lowland mixed oak forests. It is preserved and well developed vegetation of early spring plants, indegenous fauna typical of lowland forests, with the presence of entomofauna of rare species. All tourist activities are suspended between January and March, in the period of flowering and producing of winter aconite. Tickets are priced for organized groups.
Natural park Jegricka N 45º22ʹ00ʺ E 22º04ʹ00ʺ
Natural parkJegricka is located on the territory of Vojvodina and is protected by the state as an important nature park. Jegrickanatural park is located in the middle part of the course of Jegricka. River, swamp and marsh biotypes are dominating in it. The area is overgrown with reeds, hydrophilic meadows and saline soils.There are 80 species of aquatic and wetland plants on the park territory, many of which are protected. Fauna consists of 150 registered animal species, many of which are rare and endangered. It should be mentioned that Jegricka is also an important otters' refuge, indicating a healthy, abundant and clean habitat for fish stock, which count about 80 non-native and native species.
Natural park Karadjordjevo N 45 51 19 E 19 35 16
I regime 34,8 ha
II regime 82,78 ha
Protection zone 271,16 ha
International Protection Status:
Bagremara is among the most interesting antropogenic forests in which the features of former natural flora are preserved. The presence of early geophyte is important. Area is primarily protected because of the presence of the winter aconite species Eranthishyemalis which grows in acacia woods in large numbers in several communities. Largest and most numerous groups are located around the barracks, while smaller groups are radially spread (scattered) throughout the forest.
Bagremara recorded 93 insect species and 70 bird species, of which 30 species are nesting in this area.
Geology, geomorphology and hydrology:
Bagremara consists of two units – the loess terraces and the alluvial terraces of the alluvial plain of the Danube. During the major rainfalls and due to slow water flow it keeps in it until summer. Loess terrace was created in Virma and is composed of fine subaero material and its thickness is 2-5m. Geological background is consisted of lesoide, alevrite-clay sand and to a lesser extent alevrite clay.
The climate is characterized by moderate-continental, Pannonian climate of semi-arid type. Important influence on mesoclimate has the Danube river, so Bagremara is located in the Danube clime type with fresher mean-July temperatures and milder mean-January temperatures. Forest vegetation affects microclimate, that is forest plantations of acacia. The mean annual temperature is 11ºC with the warmest month of Jul and the coldest January.